|Gang Activity and the Falling Crime Rate|
|By National Gang Center Quarterly Newsletter - Spring 2012|
Nationally, violent crime and homicide rates have declined by approximately 50 percent over the past 20 years (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2011), and violent crime arrest rates for adult and juveniles alike are at their lowest levels in 30 years (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2011). Yet, in comparison to these historic trends, one notable dissimilarity is the continued presence of gangs and gang activity across many jurisdictions in the United States.
Recent analysis of three key indicators in the annual survey conducted by the National Gang Center (NGC) suggests that gang trends are notably diverging—if not independent—from overall crime trends:
A recent NGC publication found that a significant percentage (29 percent) of all large cities in the study experienced consistent and high gang-homicide prevalence rates from 1996 to 2009. Annually, in this subgroup of cities, around 40 percent of the homicides were determined to be gang-related. See: http://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Content/Documents/Bulletin-6.pdf
Reprinted from National Gang Center Quarterly Newsletter - Spring 2012
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