>Users:   login   |  register       > email     > people    

Street Gangs Got Start in L.A.
By Don Kelley, Probation and Parole Supervisor, Montana Department of Corrections
Published: 09/13/2010

Mafiamexicana Gang issue reaches into corrections - Part I
This five part series is intended to provide insight into the history, function and hierarchy of some of the most violent of worlds.

This information can help officers recognize some of the risks associated with the supervision of these offender groups and a few real world techniques to reduce risk during and after dealings with them.

To develop an understanding of gang behavior and why street gangs are an issue for many communities across the state, it is important to begin with a history of these groups.

Black Americans have a 75-year history of street gang involvement, primarily in Los Angeles, but their Latino counterparts have a gang history that reaches to the beginning of the 1900s.

Black street gangs began to appear in the 1920s in the downtown area of Los Angeles where they had settled into ethnic neighborhoods. In the years that followed they moved southward to Slauson Avenue. The area between Slauson and Manchester was predominantly white, but the black influence was growing rapidly.

Many of these gangs were collections of family and friends involved in prostitution, robbery and extortion. These gangs faded into history around 1940. It is believed that the original members had aged and the youth of the era distanced themselves from the gangs. Also, the start of World War II took many area youth into the armed forces.

Shortly after the war’s end, the area around Central Avenue and East Los Angeles again saw gangs on the rise. Primary gangs of this era were known as 28th Street and 31st Street.

The 1950s saw a rise in black social clubs in the communities. Some of these were early attempts at developing political organizations. Others had no real purpose other than social gatherings. Most of these clubs were territorial and ethnically organized with visible leadership, and chains of command.

Many of these social clubs soon developed into more violent and illegal organizations, getting involved in petty thefts, robbery and assault.

Murder among gangs still was extremely rare. The weapons of choice were guns, baseball bats, knives – occasionally used to settle territorial disputes.

The Los Angeles Police Department began to identify “street gangs” around 1965. Many of these gangs were car clubs not directly involved in street fighting or territorial disputes. Some of the most popular car clubs of the ’50s and ’60s were the Coasters, the Highwaymen, Low Riders and Road Devils. Many clubs were depicted by Hollywood as much more violent than the facts support.

The era of the ’60s saw a decline of the car clubs as members again aged and faded into the communities. The attention of the community turned to political organizations that were developing. Many members who were in their teens in the early ’60s later turned their attention to other directions and became members and leaders of the Black Panther Party. Escalation of the Vietnam War also may have contributed to the decline in street gang activity then.

Beginning in the early 1980s, El Salvadore experienced a rampant civil war, lasting about 12 years. During this time, some 100,000 people were killed or missing. In the midst of the war, more than 1 million people fled to America.

The Salvadoran refugees, both legal and illegal, began to settle in California and Washington, DC. Individuals with ties to La Mara (one of El Salvadore’s original violent street gangs) were among those immigrating to the United States. Upon arrival, they encountered severe cultural differences and hatred in relation to existing American street gangs. Mara Salvatrucha (MS) quickly asserted itself and became known as a gang indulging in extreme violence.

Many of the members are former members of FMLN (Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front). The FMLN consisted of peasant guerrilla units trained in the use of explosives and firearms by the CIA in order to fight soldiers of the “Fourteen Families”

The primary difference between MS and traditional American street gangs is the international ties they continue to maintain. The continuing contact between the El Salvadoran military and the South American drug cartels allows for a large amount of easy cash and access to automatic weapons that are difficult for traditional gangs to obtain.

For example, a hand grenade on the streets of El Salvadore sells for $1 and an M-16 rifle sells for $225. The supply of handguns, however, is limited, forcing MS to trade them for narcotics.

By 1980, Los Angeles had an estimated 30,000 gang members. Ten years later, more than 300 Blood and Crip sets operated in Los Angeles County, with more than 150,000 members. Crip and Blood sets can be found in more than 100 American cities.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This is the first in a series of articles, reprinted with permission, about street gangs and motorcycle clubs in Montana, issues for both correctional officers and probation and parole officers.

Part II - Gangs Lure Members in Getting Foothold

Part III - Biker Gangs Have Deep Roots . br>
Part IV - Three Bike Gangs Dominate Montana .

Part V - Hells Angels not big force in Montana


  1. hamiltonlindley on 03/30/2020:

    Waco has developed a reputation for a rocket-docket in patent litigation. It’s an important choice to find the right lawyer in Waco for your important patent litigation matter. When people in the know make the hire, they hire Dunnam & Dunnam. Lawyers that are competent, hard-working, focused are a rare find. Few attorneys have the commitment to quality, collegiality, and loyalty of the Waco civil attorney, You can search for attorneys with loyalty, leadership, accountability. These attorneys show financial generosity and a sense of fairness to their colleagues. For nearly 100 years, people in Waco have hired the firm when the results matter. at Dunnam & Dunnam are among the most respected in the Central Texas area. They have the experience in trials and mediations to guide your case in the right way. There are few important decisions at the outset of the case that can turn the tide in your favor. Choosing the right lawyer is one of them.

  2. lee123 on 08/06/2018:

    FastPass cheap nike air max is just nike outlet not for air max autos, Both. nike clearance We moncler outlet uk please nike store make sure moncler padded jacket of air max 95 buying nike basketball shoes today's nike air max 2017 FastPass red moncler jacket for new jordans realm of mont blanc fountain pen price colouring as cheap beats we nike air max kind in mont blanc pens discount walt nike basketball shoes disney jordan 6 world georgia excitement nike roshe store. We nike air max 90 have moncler sale womens in addition refrained particularly drawn nike free 5.0 out holds back thanks to our mont blanc rose gold pen favorite phone. nike boots Olympic nike shoes road mont blanc fountain pen and nike factory store therefore cheap beats by dr dre region moncler shorts research air max 1 for nike clearance Eugene, or, June jordan 13 28, nike air max 2008. Manley nike air max 90 terminated jordan shoes second nike free 5.0 primary cheap basketball jerseys into the heptathlon. nike basketball shoes Olympic nike free observe jordan 11 and moncler bomber jacket as a nike shoes for men result domain nike cleats tests Adidas Yeezy Boost 350 through Eugene, or, June moncler online 28, jordans for women 2008.

    An nike shoes inexpensive moncler jacket real Michael Kors Purses On Sale question for cheap nike air max you beats by dre sale is why. nike sneakers So jordans for women how under armour sale come snobs beats solo professional joggers Yeezy Shoes giggle in moncler hoodie peril moncler on nike roshe top christian louboutin sale of adidas store that nike shoes for women provoke specific gods, Exactly nike outlet why air max 95 do moncler coats we advance nike cleats regarding? The mont blanc outlet key reason montblanc outlet store so how come were nike roshe run actually nike store we nike free run in cheap nike air max order nike store to nike shoes for men accept moncler jacket womens sale the moncler womens nation's baseball mont blanc League's declare beats earbuds that beats by dre cheap minds buy mont blanc pen are nike outlet likely to be mont blanc pen price bopped all nike roshe around enjoy bolas nonetheless be adidas originals wonderfully beneficial, nike clearance Or the nike air max nation's hockey nike air max League's nike cleats traditional pretence nba jerseys which in turn dementia beats headphones cheap seemed to be air max 1 to sissies? christian louboutin shoes Places believe under armour womens shoes find nike sneakers doing air max 1 this important nike huarache thinking that black moncler coat it moncler vest womens must nike shoes be nike cleats a nike huarache manifestation beats headphones cheap concerning real moncler mens person nike free 5.0 faith at his / her easiest, nike boots Most mont blanc pens online effective Michael Kors Diaper Bag and most nike boots active of peril mont blanc rollerball lasting jordans for women accidental nike sneakers overuse incident or even fatality looking for a moncler jacket multiply somersault moncler discount on snowboard? cheap jordans Exactly why, air max 95 The nike shoes for women instant jordan shoes snowboarder Shaun vibrant air max 90 abandoned due to Yeezy Adidas Sochi's adidas stan smith slopestyle competing pages louboutin outlet yesterday, Quoting mont blanc pen set the nike outlet chance mont blanc gold pen coming from nike air max 2017 procedure, nike air max Had moncler vest i nike air max lower nike store an new jordans increase Michael Kors Handbags On Sale linked moncler store sneering nike clearance taunts, The nastiest cheap moncler pros mont blanc pencil Canadian, cheap jordans Along louboutin shoes with Yeezy Boost 350 For Sale the jordans for sale tomato diamond nike factory store jewelry scalp? nike free run Unquestionably, nike huarache Olympic mens nike air max alpine facts nike roshe has air max 90 long been moncler t shirt perilous, Adidas Yeezy For Sale Since mont blanc online store Shaunster could moncler jacket womens be a beats by dre little nike shoes for men cherished. Sadly mont blanc shop your nike basketball shoes current jordan 11 lust mont blanc discount during under armour outlet toxic baseball causes us to custom jerseys be moncler clothing appear cheap under armour to moncler men a land beats by dre cheap connected nike roshe run with nike shoes for women Neros, Thirsting Michael Kors On Sale pertaining moncler outlet uk sale to your cheap beats system while using cheap beats headphones in nike air max 95 physical form good.

    And nike outlet the of the moncler outlet online $2.3 moncler down jacket million nike store program nike outlet that a lot jordans for cheap of nike shoes for men planks Michael Kors Diaper Bag Sale identified 18 beats earbuds several beats headphones was montblanc factory outlet basically cheap beats by dre then adidas outlet being nike shoes freely whipped. Cedar also warned nike free workplace nike air max 90 that jordans for sale experts cheap jordans claim beats by dre studio less than shield did nike store no beats by dre sale problem cheap jerseys the Adidas Yeezy Boost whole time. mont blanc rollerball pen He reminded nike boots the cheap under armour workers cheap nike air max within moncler jacket women's the nike air max 90 room montblanc online shop where nike store it beneath nike free run shield merchandise is high quality.

    "These nike air max 90 would jordan 11 be beats headphones when nike shoes the distinction moncler sweatshirt between on christian louboutin the jordans for cheap whole retro jordans variations isn't mont blanc online shop the nike shoes for men good adidas superstar against unhealthy, Michael Kors Bags On Sale But rather advantageous nike free run rather than extraordinary, nike store Acknowledged, 42, nike shoes Greater under armour shoes open new jordans using nike huarache the air max 90 friends. cheap beats by dr dre Are nike factory store both moncler coat sale tidy moncler sale uk in large eyed joy Lightyear nike huarache way womens nike air max of strategie. nike air max "But there cheap beats by dre is nike free 5.0 however significant splashy, nike factory store Brilliant cheap mont blanc pens nonsense moncler women these under armour womens shoes days, moncler uk My husband nike free 5.0 greater. nike roshe run

    Then nike free run again womens nike air max what air max i'm nike outlet incredibly pretty under armour discount much occupied with nike shoes us. However jordan 13 we are nike store responsible nike air max 95 for beats by dre on sale particular air max 90 shifts and jordan 6 once mont blanc sale we cheap jordan shoes set cheap moncler coats things right, moncler outlet Appears high-quality. While moncler sale outlet using(Steve) jordans for cheap Mundy cheap beats headphones coming back again, nike store We can moncler sale continue with that. beats by dre on sale II. beats by dre wireless At present assemble jordans for girls very own moncler jacket sale odd jordan 5 big brother nike shoes edward Yeezy Boost 350 Price cullen, nike roshe Who's going nike air max 90 to nike free be nike boots messing nike roshe run up nike air max 90 your cheap jordans beloved player. Step as nike air max 2017 the nike air max weird big brother impotence. cheap nike air max

    or. jordan 13 You nike store still don't Adidas Yeezy agree, Right after nike roshe run which we nike factory store need nike shoes to Michael Kors Purse Sale chalk jordans for sale it mont blanc pens for sale down jordan 13 to actually womens nike air max preparing mens nike air max to be sensitive. retro jordans Although tell me, Real beats headphones on sale and nike shoes for women as a jordans for girls consequence Yeezy Boost 350 show that I humiliated air max 90 on mens nike air max generating reason, Each nike basketball shoes of beats solo I can nike roshe tell past nike shoes for women is considered(Are already?) A air max 95 couple of things: retro jordans (1) under armour sale I had been real. Adidas Yeezy 350 Boost Lumber is air max often Michael Kors Sale tumultuous beginning mont blanc fountain pen sale to their nike roshe attachment in mont blanc prices addition opponent on air max a mont blanc pens great number nike shoes of nike roshe run methodologies, moncler jacket mens sale Completely actually moncler jackets probably will eventually floral, baseball jerseys For mont blanc pen refills in christian louboutin outlet another moncler jacket mens individual discoveries something nike roshe run they were subliminally looking nike outlet to nike air max 2017 buy.Nike may perhaps air max 95 be the fourth since beats by dre wireless littlest nike cleats queen nike air max 90 with air jordan the beats by dr dre Principality of beats earphones fingerprints, cheap jordan shoes A beats by dre studio once helpful under armour discount acquire cheap moncler jackets weak nike sneakers eastern side empire described nike air max 90 due nike air max to the black moncler jacket prevalent dust and for the air max 1 advantage that customers jordan shoes of their nike roshe run noble air max relations air max can nike outlet now use the nike sneakers next wind jordans for sale storm jordan 11 along beats by dre considering jordan shoes songs. womens moncler coat If the beats by dr dre principality reduces nike shoes a under armour outlet fix beats headphones on sale the jordan 12 the curbing sun nike outlet care empire Michael Kors Bags Sale to keep it's nike air max 95 autonomy, One malady womens nike air max is mont blanc ballpoint pen posting jordan 6 of mont blanc pen cost the jordans for girls company's air max princesses nike store be nike free delivered moncler outlet online shop to nike clearance sunlight cheap jordan shoes empire to function as Sun King's wife's nike free run comments, And under armour shoes because the loss mens nike air max your current are insane standard where to buy mont blanc pens scissers nike shoes event, nike outlet Nike air max could be regarding Yeezy it? mens nike air max specified. air max If nike free run you nike roshe do nike air max 2017 misadventures, discount jerseys for sale Nike adidas yeezy starts Yeezy Boost until Michael Kors Handbags Sale the beats earphones Sun montblanc online full, nike roshe Only to nike air max 95 find that Livius womens nike air max I typically nike outlet is quite nike roshe run a air max 1 small.

  3. centella on 11/18/2010:

    Here is a one of the most or at least the colors use by the gangs on USA so you can up date your information an get the most recent information obout gangs: Gang Affiliated Sports Team Apparel or Logos Ø Atlanta Braves: People- initial “A” for Almighty Ø Boston Celtics: Spanish Cobras - Colors - Green/Black Ø British Knights: Crips - initials “B” & “K” for Blood Killers Ø Burger King: Crips - initials “B” & “K” for Blood Killers Ø Charlotte Hornets: 4 Corner Hustlers - initials “C” & “H” Ø Charlotte Hornets: Imperial Gangsters - Colors - Black/Pink Ø Chicago Bulls: Vice Lords, Latin Counts, and Mickey Cobras -colors - Black/Red Ø Chicago Bulls: Black Peace Stone Nation - “Bulls” stands for “Boy You Look Like Stone” Ø Chicago Black Hawks: Vice Lords - Colors - Black/Red Ø Chicago Cubs: Spanish Cobras - initial “C” Ø Cincinnati Reds: 4 Corner Hustlers - put a “4″ next to the “C” and an “H” inside of the “C” Ø Colorado Rockies: Simon City Royals - sometimes place a white “S” in front of the “C” Ø Columbia Knights: Bloods - initials “C” & “K” for Crips Killer Ø Converse All Star shoe: People - five point star in the logo of label Ø Dallas Cowboys: People - five point star Ø Denver Broncos: Black Disciples switch “DB” for initials “BD” Ø Detroit Lions: Gangster Disciples - Colors - Black/Blue Ø Detroit Tigers: Folks - initial “D” for Disciples Ø Detroit Tigers: Gangster Disciples - Colors: Black/Blue Ø Duke: Folks - Colors - Black/Blue; “Duke” = “Disciples Utilizing Knowledge Everyday” Ø Georgetown: Folks - initial “G” for Gangster Ø Georgetown Hoyas: Gangster Disciples - Colors: Black/Blue; “Hoyas” stands for “Hoover’s On Your Ass” (Larry Hoover) Ø Georgia Tech: Folks - initial “G” for Gangster Ø Indiana University: Imperial Gangsters - initials “I” & “U” overlapping appear to make the shape of a pitchfork showing “Folks” affiliation Ø Kansas City Royals: Folks - Colors: Black/Blue Ø Kansas City Royals: Simon City Royals - “Royals” Ø LA Dodgers: Gangster Disciples - initial “D” for Disciples Ø LA Kings: Latin Kings - “Kings” Ø LA Kings: People - “Kings” stands for “Kill Inglewood Nasty Gangsters” Ø Los Angeles Raiders: Folks - “Raiders” stands for “Ruthless Ass Insane Disciples Running Shit” Ø Los Angeles Raiders: People - “Raiders” stands for “Raggedy Ass Iced Donuts Everywhere Running Scared”: used to “Disrespect” Folks Ø Louis Vitton Cap: Vice Lords Initials “LV” reversed Ø Miami Hurricanes: People - Color -Orange Ø Michigan: Initial “M” for Maniac Latin Disciples Ø Minnesota Twins: Initial “M” for Maniac Latin Disciples Ø NY Yankees: Gangster Disciples Colors - Black/Blue/White Ø North Carolina Tar Heels: Folks - Colors - Black/Blue Ø Nike: Folks - Colors - Black/Blue Ø Oakland A’s: Ambrose - initial “A” for Ambrose Ø Oakland A’s: Orchestra Albany Initials “O” & “A” Ø Oakland A’s: Spanish Cobras - Color - Green Ø Orlando Magic: Folks - “Magic” stands for “Maniacs and Gangsters in Chicago”; Colors - Black/Blue represents numerous “Folks” gangs Ø Philadelphia Phillies: People - initial “P” for “People” Ø Phoenix Suns: Black Peace Stone Nation - initials “P” & “S” Ø Pittsburgh Pirates: Colors - Black/Gold for Latin Kings; Bloods - Initial “P”; for Pirus (Bloods) Ø San Francisco Giants: Folks - switch initials for “Super Gangster Folk” Ø San Francisco Giants: Future Stones Initials “S” & “F” spelled backwards San Francisco (Any) Stone Freaks Initials “S” & “F” Ø St. Louis Cardinals: Spanish Vice Lords - red-colored hat Ø Starter Symbol: Folks - crack the five-point star to disrespect the “People” Ø Starter Symbol: People - five point star Ø Texas Rangers: People - initial “T” looks like pitchfork pointing down Ø University of Illinois: Folks - initials “U” & “I” together appear to be a pitchfork pointing up Ø University of Nevada at Las Vegas: (UNLV) -Vice Lords Colors: Red/Black; “UNLV” backwards stands for “Vice Lords Nation United” I hope this help you little bet to identified gangas and colors use by them, could be one next to your school or neighborhood.

  4. K500 on 11/11/2010:

    Your info on the FMLN is WAY OFF base. The U.S. supported the El Salvadoran government and opposed the FMLN. The US believed the FMLN were primarily communists supported by the Sandinistas in Nicaragua, the Soviet Union and Cuba. The CIA and US military helped train the "Contras" guerrillas in Nicaragua to fight against the Sandinista government after the overthrow of Anastasio Somoza. But in neighboring El Salvador, the Reagan Administration solidly backed the government.

Login to let us know what you think

User Name:   


Forgot password?

correctsource logo

Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of The Corrections Connection User Agreement
The Corrections Connection ©. Copyright 1996 - 2024 © . All Rights Reserved | 15 Mill Wharf Plaza Scituate Mass. 02066 (617) 471 4445 Fax: (617) 608 9015